Chiasmus (ki-az’-mus): 1. Repetition of ideas in inverted order. 2. Repetition of grammatical structures in inverted order (not to be mistaken with antimetabole, in which identical words are repeated and inverted).
1. I took a new shortcut to school. Yes, an abbreviated and novel route took me to campus.
2. It is painful to be blamed. To be praised is joyful.
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Definition courtesy of “Silva Rhetoricae” (rhetoric.byu.edu)