Chiasmus (ki-az’-mus): 1. Repetition of ideas in inverted order. 2. Repetition of grammatical structures in inverted order (not to be mistaken with antimetabole, in which identical words are repeated and inverted).
1. She believes I trust her totally, so, fearing deception, I watch her every move. Vigilant to a fault, I’m afraid she’s going to lie to me because she is confident of my absolute confidence in her. What a mess this is!
2. It is hard to meet lofty goals; to fail to meet them is easy.
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Definition courtesy of “Silva Rhetoricae” (rhetoric.byu.edu)