Epitheton (e-pith’-e-ton): Attributing to a person or thing a quality or description-sometimes by the simple addition of a descriptive adjective; sometimes through a descriptive or metaphorical apposition. (Note: If the description is given in place of the name, instead of in addition to it, it becomes antonomasia or periphrasis.)
He was a broken man–he lost the election, he lost his savings, he lost his lover, he lost his car, he lost his home, he lost his hope. In fact, he lost everything that mattered to him except Teddy-Eddy, his drooling poodle. “Woof!” What a bummer!
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Definition courtesy of “Silva Rhetoricae” (rhetoric.byu.edu)