Asteismus (as-te-is’-mus): Polite or genteel mockery. More specifically, a figure of reply in which the answerer catches a certain word and throws it back to the first speaker with an unexpected twist. Less frequently, a witty use of allegory or comparison, such as when a literal and an allegorical meaning are both implied.
Marlin: When are you going to give me a break?
Pat: When you break out of your slump and give me something to shout out about! You can do it!
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Definition courtesy of “Silva Rhetoricae” (rhetoric.byu.edu)